Careful planning is always required to set up and maintain an Amazon themed aquarium for accurate and aesthetically balanced environment for the fish and plant life. The Amazon River is the 2nd largest river in the world with more than 2,100 species of the fish. It is a diverse habitat and it will be fun to have a proper Amazon themed tank with Amazonian fish.
Properly set up the aquarium to build up healthy environment with nitrates and bacteria in the aquarium. Run a proper fishless cycle by leaving the aquarium up and running for almost 1-2 weeks. Driftwoods, plants and snails can speed up this process. To give healthy and natural Amazon theme, you can use plants, stones, particular gravel, driftwoods and specific fish.
Good amazon plants for aquarium are broad-leaved dwarf Amazon sword, Brazilian water ivy, water stargrass, water minfoil, Christmas tree plant, mayaca vandelli, red Amazon, New Zealand grass plant and red copper leafed alternanthera.
Use brown and natural colored sand or gravel substrate to keep plants healthy and enable their roots to spread properly. Carefully buy substrates, because it will help the plants to grow. CO2 is important for the plants in the aquarium to keep them green and healthy. Fish respiration is an excellent source to add CO2 in the water. CO2 can also be added to the system through an artificial source.
Lighting is also important for the plant, therefore it is important to arrange moderate to bright light, and you can use hood for the tank to provide sufficient light.
Plants get enough nitrogen and phosphorous from the fish food, waste and potassium. You can also add all these through ferts, but do not ignore other important elements, such as calcium, magnesium and iron. If you want to keep plants healthy, you can add fertilizer in the substrates.
You can keep large aquarium plants near the back and sides of the tank to give it planted and green look. Shorter plants look good in the front of the aquarium. Do not forget to leave enough space for the fish to swim in the middle of the aquarium.
Driftwood is really beneficial to the aquarium, because it not only gives a natural Amazon look to your aquarium, but you can use it as an anchor to tie aquarium plants. It lowers down the pH levels of the water for the proper growth of the Amazonian fish. Driftwood can make the water slightly acidic for the better health of the fish. In the presence of driftwood, the fish get enough hiding spaces.
The driftwood can cause tannins, that are not bad for the aquarium, but if you do not like yellow water, you can boil the driftwood to avoid this situation. Change out the water once in every 2 days after putting the driftwood in a bucket.
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